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Saints Cosmas & Damian

Born: c. 3rd century, in Arabia
Died: c. 287 in Aegea, Roman province of Syria
Venerated: Roman Catholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Churches
Oriental Orthodox Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches

Feast Day: September 26
September 25 (Canada)
November 1 (Eastern Orthodox Church)

Patronages: Surgeons
Physicians
Dentists
Protectors of Children
Barbers
Pharmacists
Veterinarians
Orphanages
Daycare Centers
Confectioners
Children in House
Against Hernia
Against the Plague

Saints of the Roman Canon
From the end of the fourth century right up until 1970 the Mass of the Roman Rite was never celebrated without commemorating today’s martyrs, Saints Cosmas and Damian.  The names of Cosmas and Damian are enshrined in the “Communicantes” prayer of the Roman Canon.  For well over a thousand years, the Roman Canon was the only Eucharistic Prayer of the Roman Church.  The fact that the names of Cosmas and Damian were pronounced in every single Mass celebrated from the time of Saint Gregory the Great to that of Paul VI has conferred on them an aura of venerable familiarity.  They are inscribed in the collective Catholic memory.

Loved in the East
Looking Eastward, we see a similar attachment to Saints Cosmas and Damian.  They are named explicitly at every Byzantine Divine Liturgy at the moment of the preparation of the bread and wine.  Placing a piece of bread on the holy diskos, the priest says, “In honor and memory of the holy, wonder-working, and moneyless ones . . . and all the holy physicians laboring without pay.”  Moneyless physicians laboring without pay!  What a marvelous notion!  One begins to understand why Saints Cosmas and Damian came to occupy a place of choice in the affection of the Christian people.

Healing by the Power of Christ
Who were Cosmas and Damian?  Tradition has it that they were twin brothers, Arabs by race, and physicians, practicing their profession without claiming payment from their patients.  Hence they were known as the “moneyless” or “unmercenary” physicians.  The lesson formerly read at Matins has this lovely line, “Not more by their knowledge of medicine than by the power of Christ they healed diseases which had been hopeless for others.”  Ultimately, Cosmas and Damian gave their lives in witness to the Divine Physician Christ.  They were honored first in the East, and by the sixth century they had their own basilica in Rome where they were depicted in mosaics which can still be seen today.

Intercession for Physicians and Nurses
It is no surprise that Cosmas and Damian came to be invoked as the patron saints of physicians, surgeons, and other health care givers. For this reason, I remember today all the physicians and nurses who have cared for us in the past, and who care for us now.

The Word That Heals
In some way we are, all of us, moneyless health care givers. There is a long tradition of this — an apostolic one, in fact. Remember Saint Peter saying at the “gate which is called Beautiful” (Acts 3:2) “I have no silver or gold, but I give you what I have” (Acts 3:6).  Peter then offered healing in the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth.  The charism of healing may not given to all, but the word of comfort, the word of the Lord that dispels fear and brings assurance, is something that each of us can offer.  Holy Father Benedict, speaking of the cellarer of the monastery, says that, “a good word is above the highest gift” (RB 31:14).  If words can wound, bringing suffering, they can also heal, bringing light and peace.

Healing in the Sacred Body and Precious Blood of Christ
The words that bring us together day after day for the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass — “This is my Body which will be given up for you,” and “This is the cup of my Blood” — are words of healing.  They come forth from the mouth of the Divine Physician, moneyless and unmercenary who, “though he was rich, yet for your sake became poor, so that by his poverty you might become rich” (2 Cor 8:9).

Prayer: Lord, may the devout memorial of Saints Cosmas & Damian render praise to You.  For in Your ineffable providence, You conferred eternal glory on them and a duty to us.  Amen.

 


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