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Saint Andrew (the Apostle)

AKA: Andrew the Protoclete
Andreas
Endres

Born: 5 or 6 B.C. in Bethsaida, Galilee, Roman Empire

Died: Mid to late 1st century
Crucified on a saltire (x-shaped) cross in Patras, Greece
Relics destroyed c. 1559 by Protestants

Venerated: All of Christianity

Canonized: Apostolic age by Pre-congregation

Feast Day: November 30

Patronages: Against Convulsions
Against Fever
Against Gout
Against Neck Pain
Against Sore Throats
Against Whooping Cough
Anglers
Boatmen
Butchers
Farm Workers
Fish Dealers
Fish Mongers
Fishermen
Happy Marriages
Maidens
Mariners
Miners
Old Maids
Pregnant Women
Rope Makers
Sail Makers
Sailors
Single Lay Women
Singers
Textile Workers
Water Carriers
Women Who Wish to Become Mothers

Places: University of Patras
Austria
Barbados
Germany
Greece
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Romania
Russia
Scotland
Spain
Ukraine
Diocese of Amalfi-Cava de "Tirreni, Italy
Diocese of Constantinople
Diocese of Grand Rapids, Michigan
Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas
Diocese of Victoria, British Columbia
Bithynia, Asia Minor
Province of Lower Austria
Luga, Malta
Manila, Philippines
San Andreas, California

Representations: Fish
Fishing Net
Man Bound to a Cross
Man Preaching from a Cross
Old Man with Long White Hair and a Beard, Holding the Gospel in his Right Hand, and Leaning on a Transverse Cross
Preachers Holding Some Fish
Saint Andrew's Cross
Saltire (x-shaped) Cross

Saint Andrew, the brother of Saint Peter, was a native of the town of Bethsaida in Galilee, and a fisherman by profession.  Being first a disciple of Saint John the Baptist, he later joined Jesus, and also brought to Him his brother, Simon, with whom he became a member of the Apostolic College.  After the dispersion of the Apostles, Saint Andrew preached the Gospel in Scythia, as we learn from Origen; and, as Sophronius says, also in Sogdiana and Colchis.

According to Theodoret, Saint Gregory Nazianzen, and Saint Jerome, he also labored in Greece.  It is even believed that he carried the Gospel as far as Russia and Poland, and that he preached at Byzantium.  He suffered martyrdom at Patras in Achaia, and, according to ancient authorities, by crucifixion on a cross in the form of an X.

The body of the saint was taken to Constantinople in 357, and deposited in the Church of the Apostles, built by Constantine the Great.  In 1270, when the city fell into the hands of the Latins, the relics were transported to Italy and deposited in the Cathedral of Amalfi.

Prayer: Lord, You raised up Saint Andrew, Your Apostle, to preach and rule in Your Church.  Grant that we may always experience the benefit of his intercession with You.  Amen.

 

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