Born: Giovanni di Bernardone in 1181 or 1182 in Assisi, Duchy of Spoleto, Holy Roman Empire
Died: October 3, 1226 in Assisi, Umbria, Papal States
Venerated: Roman Catholic Church; Anglican Communion, Lutheran Church
Canonized: July 16, 1228 by Pope Gregory IX
Feast Day: October 4
Patronages: Animals; the Environment; Merchants; Stowaways; Cub Scouts; Tapestry Workers
PLACES: Italy; San Francisco, California; Naga City, Cebu
Francis Bernardone, the founder of the three Franciscan Orders, was born at Assisi, Italy in 1181. His father was a wealthy merchant of the town. During a year's imprisonment at Perugia due to his participation as a knight in an unsuccessful campaign against that town, and again during a prolonged sever illness, Francis became aware of a vocation to a life of extraordinary service to the Church of Christ.
Inspired at the age of twenty-five by the Scripture passage of Matthew commanding the disciples to evangelize the world without possessions, Francis abandoned his affluent way of life and began to live a life of radical poverty. Disinherited by his father, Francis went away penniless "to wed Lady Poverty" and to live a life that was poorer than the poor whom he served. HIs example soon drew followers to his way of life.
Three years later, in 1210, when his companions numbered twelve, he sought and received approval of Pope Innocent III to lead a life according to the Rule of the Holy Gospel, and they became a band of roving preachers in Christ in simplicity and lowliness. Thus began the "Friars Minor," or "Lesser Brothers."
Up and down the extent of Italy, the brothers summoned the people to faith and penitence; they refused even corporate ownership of property, human learning, and ecclesiastical preferment. Saint Francis himself never became a priest out of humility, and at first only some of his band were in Holy Orders.
Francis' practice of evangelical poverty and devotion to the humanity of Christ warmed the hearts of a "world growing cold" and soon a vast Franciscan movement was sweeping through Europe. By 1219, over 5,000 Franciscans gathered at Assisi for the famed Chapter of Mats. To accommodate this religious revival, Francis founded a Second Order through Saint Clare of Assisi for cloistered nuns and a Third Order for religious and laity of both sexes.
Francis' devotion to the Passion of Christ prompted him to make a missionary journey to the Holy Land. Worn out by his tremendous apostolic efforts, pained by the stigmata he had received in 1224, and blinded by eye disease, Francis died at sunset, October 3, 1226, while singing the eighth verse of Psalm 142: "Lead me forth from prison that I may give thanks to Your Name." He was canonized two years later by Pope Gregory IX.
Francis of Assisi has captured the heart and imagination of men of all religious persuasions by his love for God and man, as well as all God's creatures, by his simplicity, directness, and single-mindedness, and by the lyrical aspects of his multifaceted life. However, he was far more than an inspired individualist. He was a man possessed of vast spiritual insight and power; a man whose all-consuming love for Christ and redeemed creation burst forth in everything he said and did.
PRAYER: God, You enabled Saint Francis to imitate Christ by his poverty and humility. Walking in Saint Francis' footsteps, may we follow Your Son and be bound to You by a joyful love. Amen.