Born: 387 A.D. in Roman Britain
Died: March 17, 461 (40 Years old) in Saul
Venerated: Roman Catholic Church; Eastern Catholic Churches; Eastern Orthodox Church, Anglican Communion, Lutheran Church
Feast Day: March 17
Patronages: Archdiocese of New York; Engineers; Paralegals; Archdiocese of Melbourne; Invoked Against Snakes; Sins; Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark
Places: Nigeria, Montserrat; Boston, Massachusetts; Rolla, Missouri; Loiza, Puerto Rico; Murcia, Spain; Clann Giolla Phadraig
The date and place of Saint Patrick's birth are uncertain. He was born about the year 389, the son of Calpurnius, a Roman-British deacon, and Conchessa. When he was sixteen, he was carried as a captive into Ireland and obliged to serve a heathen master as a herdsman. Despite the harshness of the life there, he not only held on to the Faith but also learned the science of prayer and contemplation.
After six years he effected a miraculous escape and returned home. In a dream, he was told to go back and Christianize Ireland. Saint Patrick prepared for his task by studying in the monastery of Lerins from about 412-415 and was ordained at Auxerre by Saint Amator about 417.
In 431, after a period during which his vocation to Ireland was tested by the hesitancy of his superiors in entrusting such a mission to him, Saint Patrick was sent to assist Bishop Paladius in Ireland. On the death of the latter, Saint Patrick was consecrated Bishop by Saint Germanus (432) after receiving the approbation of Pope Celestine I. He traveled the length and breadth of Ireland, planting the Faith everywhere despite the hostility of the Druids, and succeeded in converting several members of the royal family.
On a visit to Rome in 442, he was commissioned by Pope Leo the Great to organize the Church of Ireland and on his return made Armagh the primatial See and established Bishops in various places.
In winning a pagan nation for Christ, Saint Patrick established many monasteries for men and women and made it famous for its seats of piety and learning. In the ensuing centuries Irish monks carried the Faith to England, France, and Switzerland.
After living a completely apostolic life of labor and prayer, Saint Patrick died on March 17, 461, in the monastery of Saul, in Down in Ulster, leaving behind his Confessions which give a vivid picture of a great man of God.
Prayer: God, You sent Patrick to preach Your glory to the Irish people. Through his merits and intercession grant that we who have the honor of bearing the name of Christian may constantly proclaim Your wonderful designs to others. Amen.