Our Lady of Guadalupe
Location: Tepeyac Hill, Mexico City
Date: December 12, 1531
Witness: Saint Juan Diego
Type: Marian apparition
Holy See Approval: October 12, 1895, during Canonical coronation granted by Pope Leo XIII
Shrine: Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe
Tepeyac Hill, Mexico City, Mexico
Patronage: Mexico (2018)
The Americas (October 12 1945)
Attributes: A contemplating woman clothed in a pink tunic robe covered by a cerulean mantle emblazoned with eight-point stars, while she stands atop a darkened crescent moon, carried by a cherubic angel
The Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe, near Mexico City, is one of the most celebrated places of pilgrimage in North America. On December 9, 1531, the Blessed Virgin Mary appeared to an Indian convert, Juan Diego, and left with him a picture of herself impressed upon his cloak.
Later, the picture was placed in a magnificent shrine which the Roman Pontiffs ennobled by granting it a chapter of canons for the splendor of Divine Worship. There it became famous for the concourse of people and the frequency of miracles, exciting immeasurably the piety of the Mexican nation toward the Mother of God.
Therefore; the Archbishop of Mexico and the other bishops of those regions, as well as all classes of society, regarded her as their most powerful Protectress in public and private calamities and elected her principal Patroness of Mexico.
Devotion to Mary under this title has continually increased and today she is the Patroness of the Americas. Due to the close link between the church in Mexico and the United States, this feast was placed on the American calendar.
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